In this Article, an author will talk about the theory of solidarity and the resolution of conflicts. It will explain the basics of it and the main ideas.
Solidarity is the theory that says that society is together as one unit in a country by social solidarity resulting from the interdependence of individuals.
Leon Duguit (1859 – 1928)
He was one of the persons that made research on social solidarity. He said that all people in the country are interlinked because they are shared by interdependent links. The company has been set up by the State when society has grown sufficiently large, there has been job-sharing and we depend on others. A man doesn’t fully provide himself alone. The man is depending on the others.
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
He made research on the Social Solidarity Union, a structure of unifying social ties that forces the individual to fall into the public interest. This is the result of job-sharing.
According to Durkheim, there are two forms of solidarity:
- Primary or mechanical solidarity
- Derived solidarity.
Each member of society is equally respected (e.g. president and cleaning). The main criterion is the quality of their work. Everyone is equal, there will be a set of rights. There will be no revolution in the country. People explain conflicts where they are. There will be no evil, maniacs. Will form a harmonious life. Durkheim said that Solidarity exists in any society, but when society changes, the nature of solidarity changes.
Resisting in a primitive society or in a traditional society. The individual interests of a man are subject to the collective because they cannot survive otherwise. In a primitive society, punishment – expelled from the environment, collective. An individual develops an ego.
An individual exposes interests to a collective when it is beneficial. Weighing the lesser evil (for example, there are nuggets without education in the army). Man is rational. Collective interests will not be at the forefront of individuals. Won’t make children because there are classes bigger than to be in retirement age.