In this Article, an author will explain what is Differentiation of society, what is the concept and what are the consequences of Differentiation.
Social differentiation or stratification is the difference between social communities with one or more social parameters (features).
Consequences of stratification
The first consequence is the formation of social groups and the emergence of social stratification. Secondly, differentiation takes place most broadly in the social roles of society.
Six stratification measurements may be distinguished
1. The prestige of the profession
At first, the prestige of the profession means that each individual in the community performs a “production” role. It differs with the size of the functional investment and appropriately differentiates the assessed, i.e. the amount of prestige is attributed to it.
2. Authority and power
Secondly, authority and power mean that each role has a certain amount of power. Usually, more power lies with elite representatives. Smaller power lies with lower layers. However, when lower layers combine, the amount of power is balanced between the elite and the lower layers.
3. Income or degree of wealth
Thirdly, income means that sometimes high-prestige and power roles carry low income, but with a small amount of prestige and power carry high income.
4. Level of education or knowledge
Fourthly, the level of education means that there was always a variety of opportunities in society to acquire education. These opportunities not only relates to the performance of roles from birth but also to allow them to move from one, sometimes more prestigious, role to another, to which they were more suited because of their “natural” talents.
5. Religious or ritual criteria
Fifthly, religious criteria mean that functionally significant categories of religious ideas that society governs may, to a greater or lesser extent, possess highly valued religious or ritual purity characteristics.
6. The division between kinship and ethnic groups
At last, we will state the difference between kinship and ethnic groups. All societies and their continued ethnic groups carry out independent and important functions. At first, there is a function of the creation of offspring. Secondly, there is the socialization of children and the provision of psychological, social and moral support for parental and child relations.
People judge kinship and ethnic groups by the way they perform these and other functions. They judge them directly as ethnic and religious groups, without regard to the prestige, power, and power of the profession, the level of income or wealth.